Types of Books

All the books can be broadly classified under two main categories: FICTION and NON-FICTION.


Fiction books contain a made-up story – a story that did not actually happen in real life. These stories are derived from the imagination and creativity of the authors and are not based on facts.

The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho, 1984 by George Orwell, Harry Potter Series by J. K. Rowling are some of the examples of fiction books.


Non-fiction or nonfiction books are factual books. Unlike fiction books, they are based on facts and information that can be verified to be true.

Some examples of non-fiction books are The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin by Benjamin Franklin, How to Win Friends And Influence People by Dale Carnegie, an encyclopedia, etc.

Sometimes you may come across another category named semi-fiction. Do not be confused. Even semi-fiction books are taken to be work of fiction. Apart from the made-up story, these books also include some factual information.

For example, the famous book The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini is based on real historical events of Afghanistan, but the story told in this book is actually a made up one.

Genres of Books

The above types of books can be further divided into many sub-categories and each of these sub-categories is a genre. We will discuss the different genres of books under fiction and non-fiction categories.

Following is the list of different genres of books:

1. Action and Adventure

The stories under this genre usually show an event or a series of events that happen outside the course of the protagonist’s ordinary life. The plot is mostly accompanied by danger and physical action. These stories almost always move quickly and the high pace of the plot is usually an important part of the story.

Some examples of Action and Adventure books are:

  • The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien
  • The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas
  • Life of Pi by Yann Martel

2. Anthology

An anthology is a collection of series of works such as short stories, poems, essays, plays, etc. by different authors into a single volume for publication. The selection of such works is made based on some common theme or subject of books and usually done by an editor or small editorial board.

For example: The Poets Laureate Anthology by Elizabeth Hun Schmidt

3. Classic

Classic refers to the fictions that are accepted as the most important and influential books of a particular time period or place. These books are widely taught in schools.

Examples of classic books are:

  • To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
  • 1984 by George Orwell
  • Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare

4. Comic and Graphic Novel

These books are based on a sequence of hand-drawn pictures. The story is usually told visually with very few words and those words are mostly placed either in panels on top or bottom of pictures or as speech bubbles.

Some examples are:

  • V for Vendetta by Alan Moore
  • Batman: The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller
  • Saga by Brian K Vaughan

5. Crime and Detective

As the name suggests, this book genre deals with crime, criminal motives and the investigation and detection of the crime and criminals.

Popular examples of this genre are:

  • Sherlock Holmes by Arthur Conan Doyle
  • And There Were None by Agatha Christie
  • Murder on The Orient Express by Agatha Christie

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